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Ultériorité dans le passé et conditionnels en basque navarro-labourdin

Abstract : Northern Basque has two strategies to denote ulteriority: (i) by a prospective aspectual ending on participles, and (ii) by inserting the morpheme -ke, which can also express various epistemic shades, from equipossibility to probability to certainty in the finite verb form. From the viewpoint of morphological "tense", three 3rd p. prefixes contrast: d- (present), z- (past) and l-, which occurs in present / future conditionals. Ulteriority in the past is thus expressed by associating the prospective aspect and an auxiliary in the past, and therefore can never be used as a non-past conditional. However, past, counterfactual conditionals are generally expressed by the same [prospective+past] combination, which also happens to correspond to a marked habitual meaning, roughly corresponding to English frequentative would, probably due to a reanalysis of the prospective suffix as a modal one.
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Contributor : Georges Rebuschi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 18, 2012 - 3:51:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 2:53:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, July 19, 2012 - 2:30:23 AM


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  • HAL Id : artxibo-00685837, version 2



Georges Rebuschi. Ultériorité dans le passé et conditionnels en basque navarro-labourdin. Faits de langues, 2012, 39. ⟨artxibo-00685837v2⟩



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