Dynamique de la transitivité en basque souletin : économie interne, contacts de langue et / ou nouvelle conception de l'agent ?

Abstract : At the present time in Basque Souletine dialect, there are two different ways to construct more than thirty bivalent verbs and retain the same meaning. They have a double case and indicial marking with change of the auxiliary. They are rather low verbs in a semantic scale of transitivity. Constructions with izan "to be" are rather used by older speakers, while younger Bascophones tend to use constructions with *edün "to have". For some of these verbs, however, both constructions are found in old texts, sometimes even within the writings of the same author.
The conditioning of a linguistic variation and of a linguistic change is generally complex and difficult to update. The postulated evolution could be due to :
― the internal economy of the language, analogical attraction, since the two structures in competition already co-exist; substitution due to the weak functional output of construction with izan, memory-saving without loss of the distinction of the two arguments ;
― language contact : intra-linguistic contact between the dialect and Unified Basque for the construction of some verbs, and contact between languages, French/Basque (indirect loan translations) ;
― or, this being the most daring assumption, due to an external factor like the evolution of the way of life and thought in which the argument having to do with experience is seen more and more like an agent.
The difficulty of this research is found in the necessity of validating these potential factors and then of evaluating the respective weight of them.
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https://artxiker.ccsd.cnrs.fr/artxibo-00000090
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Coyos <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 3, 2006 - 2:32:03 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 12, 2019 - 6:20:14 AM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, September 8, 2010 - 4:20:44 PM

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Jean-Baptiste Coyos. Dynamique de la transitivité en basque souletin : économie interne, contacts de langue et / ou nouvelle conception de l'agent ?. Bilingual knowledge and translation - A challenge for the cultural identity of Europe, 2006, France. pp.37-50. ⟨artxibo-00000090⟩

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